Qalaa Holdings S.A.E. Mergers and Acquisitions Summary

Private Equity Profile

Qalaa Holdings S.A.E.’s most common sectors for investment are oil/gas exploration (17%) and agriculture (12%). The Firm’s most common investment types include consolidation (50%) and buyout (lbo, mbo, mbi) (45%). In total, Qalaa Holdings S.A.E. has invested in 4 different countries.

The Firm’s most common exit type is trade sale (34%). Qalaa Holdings S.A.E.’s largest (disclosed) exit occurred in 2014 when it sold Sphinx Glass for $190M.

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M&A Summary

  • M&A Total Activity21
    • M&A Buy Activity18
    • M&A Sell Activity3
  • Total Sectors Invested 12
  • Total Countries Invested 4
  • M&A Buy/Sell Connections 1

Qalaa Holdings S.A.E.

1089 Corniche El-Nil Four Seasons Nile Plaza Office Building, Garden City,
Cairo, 11519
Egypt
+20 (2) 2791-4440
www.qalaaholdings.com
info@citadelcapital.com

Citadel Capital is an indepedent private equity firm focused on traditional buyout, consolidation, and turnaround opportunities in the Middle East and North Africa. Citadel prefers investments requiring a minimum equity commitment of $100 million, although the firm will also consider transactions with enterprise values less than $60 million through its subsidiary, Grandview Investments. Sectors of interest include energy, cement, specialty real estate, mining, agribusiness, glass manufacturing, transportation and metallurgy. Citadel generally looks for control positions only when evaluating transactions. Citadel Capital was formed in 2004. The Firm is based in Cairo with additional offices in Algiers and Dubai.


Investment Criteria

Sectors of Interest: Agriculture, Building Materials, Chemicals, Construction, Energy Services and Equipment, Environmental, Financial Services, Manufacturing, Metals/Mining, Oil/Gas Exploration, Publishing, Real Estate, Transportation

Target Transaction Types: Buyout (LBO, MBO, MBI), Consolidation, Special Situations/Distressed

Geographic Preferences: Africa, Middle East

Transaction Criteria Min Max
Target Revenue - -
Target EBITDA - -
Investment Size 100 -
Enterprise Value - -
values in millions of USD

M&A Summary

Buy vs Sell

Year ≤ '15 '16 '17 '18 '19 '20 T
Buy (0.0/yr) # 18 - - - - - 18
Sell (0.0/yr) # 3 - - - - - 3
vol $190M $190M
  21

Most Recent M&A

Company Date Value Type
Sphinx Glass Ltd 2014-05-26 190M USD Add-on Acquisition
Cairo, Egypt · www.sphinxglass.com
Africa Railways 2009-12-01 - Consolidation
, South Africa
Tawazon 2009-11-01 - Consolidation
, Egypt
United Foundries Company S.A.E. 2008-12-01 - Consolidation
cairo, Egypt
Nile Valley Petroleum Ltd. 2008-06-01 - Acquisition Financing
, Sudan
Sphinx Glass Ltd 2007-09-01 - Buyout (LBO, MBO, MBI)
Cairo, Egypt · www.sphinxglass.com
Rally Energy Corp. 2007-09-01 - Consolidation
Calgary, Alberta · www.rallyenergy.com
Gozour 2007-09-01 - Consolidation
, Egypt
Wafra 2007-09-01 - Consolidation
, Sudan
Bonyan Development and Trade 2007-08-01 - Buyout (LBO, MBO, MBI)
Cairo, Egypt · www.bonyanegypt.com
View All >>

M&A by Sector

Sector Current # Value All-time # Value
Oil/Gas Exploration 3 (20%) - 3 (17%) -
Agriculture 2 (13%) - 2 (11%) -
Energy Services and Equipment 2 (13%) - 2 (11%) -
Metals/Mining 1 (7%) - 2 (11%) -
Transportation 2 (13%) - 2 (11%) -
Chemicals - - 1 (6%) -
Construction 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
Environmental 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
Financial Services 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
Manufacturing - - 1 (6%) -
Publishing 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
Real Estate 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
Total 15 - 18 -

Acquisitions By Geo

State/Country Current # Value All-time # Value
Egypt 11 (73%) - 14 (78%) -
Sudan 2 (13%) - 2 (11%) -
Canada 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
  Alberta 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
South Africa 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
Domestic 11 (73%) - 14 (78%) -
Cross-border 4 (27%) - 4 (22%) -
Total 15 - 18 -

Acquisitions by Deal Type

Type Current # Value All-time # Value
Consolidation 8 (53%) - 9 (50%) -
Buyout (LBO, MBO, MBI) 6 (40%) - 8 (44%) -
Acquisition Financing 1 (7%) - 1 (6%) -
Total 15 - 18 -

Exits by Deal Type

Type Total # Value
Trade Sale 2 (67%) 190M (100%)
Secondary Sale 1 (33%) -
Total 3 $190M

Deal Values

sell # Total
$100M to $1B 1 $190M
TOTAL $190M
Largest Sphinx Glass Ltd
$190M (2014-05-26)

M&A Connections

Deals %
Exited to
PE Firm(s)
50%
1 50%
Strategic(s)
50%
1 50%

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